The ORS-3 enabler launch mission packed the SPTSat-3 spacecraft and a number of CubeSat experiments, all sponsored by the Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) office (http://www.ors.csd.disa.mil), the U.S. Air Force Space & Missile Systems Center’s Space Test Program, and NASA’s Educational Launch of Nanosatellites (ELaNa) program.
The ORS-3 mission headed to the space aboard a Minotaur I launch vehicle from NASA’s Wallops facility on November 19th, 2013. ORS-3 is ushering in today the launch and range processes of the future. The ORS-3 mission demonstrates and validates a new launch vehicle flight safety architecture for the future through the AFSS (Autonomous Flight Safety System) payload. This technology uses launch vehicle orbital targeting and range safety planning processes to protect public safety from an errant launch vehicle during flight.
The outcome of this test is of great interest to the military as well as to NASA. The launch is also part of the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) certification process for the Minotaur rocket. The FAA has licensing authority over American commercial rockets.
With a near-circular orbit at an altitude of 500km and an inclination of 40.5 degrees, the mission carries 24 secondary technology payloads: The secondary technology payloads on this flight consist of free-flying systems and non-separating components (2 experiments). ORS-3 will employ CubeSat wafer adapters, which enable secondary payloads to take advantage of excess lift capacity unavailable to the primary trial.
NASA’s LSP (Launch Services Program) ELaNa-4 (Educational Launch of Nanosatellite-4) will launch eight more educational CubeSat missions. The ELaNa-4 CubeSats were originally manifest on the Falcon-9 CRS-2 flight. When NASA received word that the P-PODs on CRS-2 needed to be de-manifested, LSP immediately started looking for other opportunities to launch this complement of CubeSats as soon as possible.
Approximately 12 minutes after the lift-off of the Minotaur I, the SPTSat-3 spacecraft was deployed at an altitude of some 500km. And then the tricky portion of the mission occurred... a pre-planned collision avoidance maneuver was executed to set-up the CubeSat deployments.
(The news article, NASA + Orbital in InfoBeam Part II reveals the composition of the instruments that are part of the STPSat-3 craft.)
The CubeSats were arranged in a CubeStack comprised of wafters, with the CubeStack adpater itself designed by LoadPath and Moog CSA Engineering.
All of the CubeSat developers participating in this mission verifid their craft complied with P-POD (Poly Picosatellite Orbital Deployers) requirements. These specs have all been developed by the California Polytechnica State University (Cal Poly) of San Luis Obispo, California, and enable the integration of CubeSats onto launch vehicles.
A CubeSat has to be built to a standard dimension of 10x10x10 centimeters, otherwise known as 1 unit, or 1U. CubeSats may be developed in a variety of sizes: 1U, 2U, 3U or 6U in size, but each unit must weigh less than 3 pounds... the only exception is a 6U CubeSat, which may weigh as much as 12 to 14kg. The final requirement is that CubeSats must be capable of P-POD deployment.
The following article offer a taste of the CubeSat included in the ORS-3 mission that enabled the small satellite’s deployment through the incorporation of eight P-PODs aboard the craft.