by Tim Farrar, TMF Associates
During 2007, the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) sector was clearly split into winners and losers. Inmarsat and Iridium are the big winners for the year. Both experienced surging revenues and strong subscriber growth.
Inmarsats growth has been driven by continued demand for data services in the maritime and aeronautical market, accompanied by the renewed growth in land-based usage resulting from its new BGAN Broadband Global Area Network product. Iridium has enjoyed strong growth in handheld services, gaining subscribers from Globalstar, as well as increased demand for its Short Burst Data services.
On the other hand, Globalstar and Thuraya suffered in 2007. Globalstar experienced satellite problems that led to a loss of high usage handheld subscribers and a resulting drop in ARPU (Average Revenue Per Unit). Thuraya experienced delays in availability of its new handsets and launch of its third satellite as well as lower usage levels as terrestrial GSM networks continued to be built out in many of its key markets in the Middle East and Africa. However, Thuraya has witnessed its overall revenues bounce back somewhat from very depressed levels seen in 2006, when an overhang of prepaid cards and a lack of handsets led to a steep fall in its revenues (down 51 percent between 2005 and 2006).
Among the smaller players, Orbcomm can be counted in the winner column. The company continued growth in its subscriber base and a clearer path was established towards profitability. However, it has seen a sharp drop in its stock price as certain contracts have been delayed and subscriber additions have fallen short of expectations.
Conversely, MSV, TerreStar and ICO have been losers. MSV experienced a dramatic drop in its stock price as it attempts to garner as much as $500M in additional funding in order to complete its new satellites. In addition, TerreStar and ICO are both suffering from lengthy delays in launching their first satellites.
Overall, we estimate wholesale revenues for the six MSS operators with satellites in orbit (Inmarsat, Iridium, Globalstar, Thuraya, Orbcomm and MSV) grew from $1,067M in 2006 to approximately $1,207M in 2007, an increase of 13 percent. While this growth appears, at first sight, to be quite healthy, and far exceeds the current rate of growth in FSS, in fact it is only 2 percent higher than the revenues of $1,182M as seen in 2005. When we remove the distortions introduced by Thurayas overhang of prepaid cards in 2006, wholesale revenues were roughly flat between 2005 and 2006 and grew by just under 8 percent in 2007, in line with the growth rates seen in the FSS business this year.
Turning to the individual MSS services, data applications stand out as the dominant source of growth. The number of terminals used for low data rate MSS services such as Orbcomm, Iridium SBD, Inmarsat D+ and Globalstars simplex tracking, is estimated to have grown by around 250K, reaching 950K by the end of 2007 and almost doubling since the end of 2005. Higher speed data services, including BGAN, Fleet and Swift64, generated roughly $300M in wholesale revenues for Inmarsat in 2007, up 15 percent in 2006, from about 65,000 active terminals.
In contrast, while the number of handheld MSS phones in use increased by around 50K to reach 600K at the end of 2007, we estimate that wholesale revenues from handheld services remained broadly flat during the year, at around $350M. As a result, declines in ARPU from Globalstar and Thuraya users cancelled out Iridiums strong subscriber and revenue gains.
As we look forward to 2008, we expect the positive trends in data services to be maintained. Inmarsat has recently launched its Fleet and Swift Broadband services, offering BGAN-like speeds to the maritime and aeronautical sectors, which will sustain its strong momentum in these areas. Equipment costs for asset tracking terminals continue to decline, while the network of value-added resellers is expanding, facilitating installation of these devices in a wider variety of heavy equipment, transportation and fixed asset monitoring applications.
The outlook for handheld services is more uncertain, as Globalstars satellites are expected to continue to deteriorate and may stop providing any reliable two-way service some time in 2008. If this happens, then there will be even greater subscriber churn over the next year. Some Globalstar subscribers in North America may prefer to wait for the lower cost handheld services being launched by Inmarsat and TerreStar in late 2008 or early 2009, rather than opting to immediately take-up the more expensive Iridium services. The move by Thuraya to offer its new, more attractive dual mode handset as a solution for low cost satellite roaming in certain African and Middle Eastern markets is also fraught with difficulties and potentially could undermine its existing higher value satellite business in some vertical markets. In addition, Inmarsat will progress with the development work needed to offer satellite phone services over a wider footprint and may begin to introduce further competition for current handheld MSS users.
Finally, during 2008 we should begin to see the impact of ATC on the North American market. Although ICO and TerreStar are not expected to offer commercial services on a large scale until 2009, they will need to strike distribution deals over the next 12 months and secure further investments to support the launch of commercial service. As a result, the degree to which ATC will change the MSS landscape should become much clearer. One thing is for certain; we look forward to interesting times for the MSS sector in the year ahead.
Telecom, Media and Finance (TMF) Associates, Inc. publishes the only research service focused on the MSS market, which includes analysis of new developments and revenue projections for all of the leading operators.
Contact Tim Farrar by phone on (650) 839 0376 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.tmfassociates.com/reports for more details about this research.